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Supportive Science

These are four notable sites, managed by academics, documenting scientific research regarding recovered memories: 

Dr. Jim Hopper’s website highlights significant scientific research that proves it is not rare for people who were sexually abused in childhood to go for many years, even decades, without having (recognizable or explicit) memories of the abuse.

Dr. Jennifer Freyd’s website highlights notable scientific contributions to memory science; including her own work on recovered memories and Betrayal Trauma theory. The website broadly covers the political context and controversy on the subject.

The leadership council on child abuse and interpersonal violence is a professional organization dedicated to the prevention of childhood abuse. Their page on research addresses frequently asked questions about the recovered memory controversy, and hosts multiple in-depth articles analyzing science supporting recovered memories.

Dr. Ken Pope’s website lists relevant scientific articles, including his own work, on the topic of the recovered memory controversy. He highlights critiques of those who disbelieve in recovered memories.

Corroboration and Recovered Memories

These studies document how often people with recovered memories find evidence that corroborates their memories.

Studies debunking “False Memory Syndrome”

False Memory Syndrome has proven to be an invalid construct; these studies illustrate the misapplication of science and lack of supporting data for the ‘syndrome’.

Neurobiology of Recovered Memories and Traumatic Stress

Neuroscientific findings describe how traumatic stress affects our neural structures, resulting in delayed recall of traumatic memories.

Case Reports of Recovered Memories

Case reports are detailed descriptions of a specific incidence(s) of recovered memory. They highlight particularly interesting, persuasive, or unique experiences of recovered memories.

Recovered Memories in the Legal System

These articles assess whether recovered memories are admissible in court testimony, the arguments commonly used against such testimony, and the legal origins, history and context surrounding delayed recall.

Children’s Memory and Childhood Abuse

These studies examine children’s memory and accounts of abuse, including fantastical elements, reactions to abuse, the influence of repeated questioning, and common characteristics of children’s traumatic memory.

Process of Recalling Recovered Memories

These studies describe events or triggers that prompted the recall of traumatic events, as well as the patterns of traumatic recall that followed.

Other Related Research

Related to memory, abuse, and victim’s experiences.

Recovered Memories in the General Population

These studies document how often recovered memories occur in the general population. They’re presented with other correlating factors, such as demographic information or characteristics of trauma.

Betrayal Trauma Theory: Explaining the Mechanisms of Recovered Memory

Betrayal Trauma Theory is a well-renowned mechanism used to explain delayed recall in trauma survivors.

Recovered Memories in Therapy

These articles investigate the role of therapy in the recovery and accuracy of delayed recall of traumatic memory.

Dissociation and Traumatic Memory

These articles discuss dissociation and other traumatic mechanisms that could lead to delayed recall in an abuse survivor.

Accuracy of Recovered Memories

The accuracy of recovered memories in different contexts is assessed by these studies, as well as factors that may lead to the under-reporting of delayed recall of abuse.

Literature Reviews on Recovered Memories

Decades of research from numerous academic fields are reviewed in these studies, which firmly establish the reality and reliability of recovered memory.

Holocaust Survivors: Dissociative Amnesia, Memory Disturbances and Recovered Memory

These studies discuss dissociative amnesia, memory disturbances and recovered memories in holocaust survivors.

Recovered Memories in Abuse Survivors

Specifically in the population of abuse survivors, the occurrence of delayed recall of abuse and other correlating factors are documented.

War Veterans: Dissociative Amnesia, Memory Disturbances and Recovered Memory

These studies discuss dissociative amnesia, memory disturbances and recovered memories in war veterans.

Characteristics of Recovered Memories

These studies describe characteristics of recovered memories, including clarity, emotional valence, and whether they form a cohesive narrative.

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